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ars'-W . r <br />Access fo <br />Recreation & Subsistence <br />Objective 1: Protect, restore, and enhance watershed ecosystems, sweeping views, and open <br />spaces from mauka forests to makai shorelines, while assuring responsible public access for <br />recreational, spiritual, cultural, and sustenance practices. <br />Objective 3: Encourage community-based collaborative management plans to assure that human <br />activities are in harmony with the quality of Hamakua's unique natural and cultural landscape. <br />Objective 12: Preserve traditional subsistence practices and encourage a reciprocity (e.g. <br />bartering) economy as a sustainable complement to Hamakua's resource-based economy. <br />CURRENT TOOLS <br />Shoreline Management Area and subdivision review processes establish public <br />access to and along shoreline. <br />Shoreline Setback rules preserve lateral accesses. <br />Hawai'i State Constitution protects native traditional rites and access; <br />Accesses can be secured through land easement/acquisition strategies such as <br />PONC (aka: 2% Fund). <br />CHALLENGES <br />Shoreline Trail/Accesses <br />Safe access to ocean resources rare. <br />Lack of public transit corridor required in shoreline setback often blocks lateral <br />public access. <br />Poor condition of Laupahoehoe Boat Ramp impedes safe ocean access. <br />